GARMENT WASHING & FINISHING
In garment industry a lot of dirt, dust and oils are accumulating on garments in the various units and departments. It is essential to ensure continues supply of garments, which well washed so that process can be carried out easily and efficiently. This technology which is used to modify the appearance, outlook comfortability, softness and fashion of the garment is called as garment washing.
Garment washing is a significant part of garment industries and it is mainly applied on denim garments and any other casual garments. In the primary stage garment does not inherit customer's desired properties but after washing it become most widely used due to its new appearance, softness, comfort, strength and low cost, which create customer's absolute satisfaction. Garment washing process is provided with a lucrative and glassy outlook by chemical or wet washing process and mechanical or dry washing process The invention of denim as a fashion statement has added fuel to the creativity of the washer to try out new finishes. Motherland offers you a bouquet of washes which bring out the fine nuances there by adding value to your garment.
Washes can be broadly categorized into 3 types as below :
1. Aesthetic Finishes
2. Functional Finishes
3. Correctional Finishes
ACID WASH :
This term is a complete misnomer as virtually no acid is used in this process. Denims are washed with pumice stones soaked with hypo to give significant contrast in the color of the Denim Material. The same process can be employed on yarn dyed garments giving several finishes. In this process pumice stones are substituted with Thermocol balls.
BALL WASH :
Garments are washed with different kind of Balls like Emery, Rubber, Plastic and Silicone coated Balls to give myriad finishes.
ENZYME WASH :
It is an ecological way of treating the Garment to get a washed, bright, clean and premium look.
SILICON SOFTNER :
Wash durable soft silky hand feels achieved with selected Silicone emulsions and softeners
VINTAGE WASH :
Vintage looks created on the Garment with different auxiliaries depending on the fabric. We also have G2 Process by which we can get different vintage levels without using any chemical and water. Please refer to the technology section of the website for further details.
STONE WASH :
This is a traditional method of washing Denims and other heavy fabrics like Canvas. It gives a newly manufactured garment a worn out appearance. This process increases the softness and flexibility of stiff and rigid fabrics. Abraded, worn and battered look on heavier fabrics like drills, twills done using Pumice stones.
PERLITE WASH :
Delicate light weight garments which require the stone wash effect are washed with perlite powder in place of Pumice stones to avoid damage. The advantage is that we get the stone washed effect throughout the fabric and not just on the upper surface as in case of stones.
Peaching or sueding is a mechanical finish done on fabrics, but the same effect can be replicated in the garment form by chemical treatments.
Garment manufacturers are challenged to find innovations and to seek new materials that provide tangible benefits. Properties such as Easy care, antimicrobial, Antistatic, Stain resistant, water and oil repellence, flame retardant, UV protection, thermal and moisture control can be incorporated into the garment to make them functional.
Anti-microbial finish causes a fabric to inhibit the growth of Microbes. The humid and warm environment found in textile fibres encourages the growth of the microbes. In the present day world most of us are very conscious about our hygiene and cleanliness. Clothing and textile materials are not only the carriers of microorganisms such as pathogenic bacteria, odour generating bacteria and mould fungi, but also good media for the growth of the microorganisms. Anti-Microbial Finished Garments remain pure, clean and fresh as the finish combats the growth of the odor causing Bacteria. Microbial infestation poses danger to both living and non-living matters. Obvious smell from the inner garments such as socks, spread of diseases, staining and degradation of textiles are some of the detrimental effects of bad microbes. Though the use of antimicrobials has been known for the decades, it is only in the recent couple of years several attempts have been made on finishing textiles with antimicrobial compounds. The consumers are now increasingly aware of the hygienic life style and there is a necessity and expectation for a wide range of textile products finished with antimicrobial properties.
ULTRA VIOLET PROTECTION :
Sunlight includes rays of invisible UV radiation and over exposure to UV radiation can lead to Sunburn, accelerated skin ageing, Skin cancer. Garments treated with this finish protects us from the harmful radiations. UV protection is especially required for fair skinned sun sensitive people, Children, People who spend more time in the sun.
SOIL RELEASE :
Stain release agents give the fabric a property by which stains can be easily washed out during laundering. This is achieved by a combination of Fluorine and Hydrophilic groups in the Soil release agent. The fluorine group repels oil while the Hydrophilic group facilities stain removal in the washing.
WATER & OIL REPELLENCY :
Water and Oil repellence happens when the surface tension of the solid surface is lower than that of oil & water. As such water and oil will enter the fabric surface as surface tension of cotton is higher than that of Oil & water. When the fabric is treated with this finish the surface tension is lowered than that of the Liquids. Hence your garment becomes Water and Oil Repellent.
FLAME RETARDANCY :
Flame retardants improve the resistance to ignition of the Substrate thereby reducing the chance of starting a fire. In case of a fire they reduce the flame spread and rate of fire development, thus providing extra time to extinguish the fire or make an escape. Flame retardants act physically as well as chemically in combating the fire by cooling the substrate, forming a protective layer over it, diluting the combustible material and also by chemical reactions.
MOISTURE MANAGEMENT :
By this finish the Garments especially that are worn next to the skin, transport the sweat from the body and evaporate it to the atmosphere in double quick time. So you feel the garments more dry, they don’t cling on to your body. Also you feel lot more cool. This finish makes the fabric more breathable.
COLOR FIXING :
Fastness parameters like fastness to washing, crocking, light can be improved.
ANTI SEAM SLIPPAGE :
In some garments seams slip at the slightest force applied. This can be corrected by using a special auxiliary. In addition to preventing seam slippage, the strength is also increased by this treatment.
ANTIOZONATE FINISH :
The yellowing of indigo dyed garments especially denims is due to the exposure to Ozone from the atmosphere. This Ozone oxidizes the indigo to products that are dull and yellow in color. Hence your favorite Jean has yellow stains on exposed portion which you detest. To offset this Denims are treated with Special Anti Ozonate Softners in the final finishing bath. These softners b4nd Ozone and arrest the oxidation of Indigo. Hence along with the customery softness your denim also gets Ozone Protection.The yellowing of indigo is due to the oxidation by exposure to Ozone from the atmosphere. To offset this special anti ozonatesofteners are added to the final bath.
COLOR ENHANCING :
Dark Colors like blacks, Navies can be made deeper and brighter by this process.
OPTICAL BRIGHTENER WASH :
Optical brighteners are designed to mask the yellow or brown tones in the fibers and make the fabric look cleaner and brighter in white garments.
ANTI PILLING WASH :
This treatment reduces the forming of pills on fabrics and knitted products made from yarns with a synthetic fibre content, which are inclined to pilling by their considerable strength, flexibility, resistance to impact. This finish is based on the use of chemical treatments which aim to suppress the ability of fibres to slacken and also reduce the mechanical resistance of the synthetic fibre.